Category: 科学家简介 第1页,共2页

Meet 的 Scientist: 安比卡·卡玛特(Ambika Kamath)

安比卡·卡玛特(Ambika Kamath) handling an anole in 的 field. Photo by Claire Dufour.

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do?

I currently 工作 at 的 Miller 在stitute for Basic Research in Science at 的 University of California Berkeley as a postdoctoral fellow. I ST udy a diversity of topics in behavioral 和 进化的 ecology, 包含 的 collective behavior of social spiders 和 tent caterpillars, 的 intersections of behavioral ecology 与 的 social sciences, 和 的 socioecological consequences of individual variation in Anolis 蜥蜴。 Prior to 日is, I did my Ph.D. in 的 Department of Organismic 和 Evolutionary Biology at Harvard University, 和 was a postdoc at 的 University of California Santa Barbara.

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned?

I ST udy 二 aspects of Anolis biology—individual variation in habitat use, 和 individuals’ movement patterns in 的 context of mating systems, 与 的 goal of building a nuanced understanding 的 microevolutionary processes of natural 和 sexual selection in 的se animals. I 有 learned 那 的 actual lives of Anolis lizards—their daily ecological 和 social interactions—are much more dynamic 和 complex 日an previously expected. When viewed in 的 light of well-established patterns of adaptation 和 diversification across populations 和 种类 of 茴香, 日is messiness becomes particularly fascinating—it prompts us to ask what processes govern 的 emergence of population-level 和 种类-level patterns 过度 longer timescales from organisms’ daily lives.

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香?

I began ST udying 茴香 in 2009, as an undergraduate field assistant for Yoel Stuart 和 Alexis Harrison. I was initially fascinated by 的 questions about rapid adaptive 演化 那 could be asked in 茴香, but 非常 soon came to love 的 animals 的mselves!

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香?

我爱 watching 茴香! I find 的ir behaviour endlessly entertaining, but also tractable enough to ST udy fruitfully. I also love 的 challenge of catching 的m. And finally, anole researchers 是 a fantastic group of scientists, 和 I feel lucky to be part of 的 crew.

什么 is your favorite anole 种类?

I’d 有 to say Angres sagrei. 的y’re robust, widespread, 和 really fun to watch.

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online?

我在Twitter上 @ambikamath, 和 my 网站 is ambikamath.wordpress.com.

Meet 的 Scientist: 肖恩·坎贝尔·斯塔顿

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do? 

I live in Los Angeles, CA 哪里 I am an Assistant Professor of 进化的 biology at UCLA. I spend most of my time ST udying 怎么样 种类 around 的 globe evolve 和 adapt in response to climate change 和 human disturbance. I use a wide variety of tools in 日is 工作, 包含 遗传学 physiology 和 climate modeling. When I’m not researching, I spend time creating 和 hosting  的 Biology of Superheroes Podcast, 哪里 my co-host 和 I nerd out about 的 science of comic books, movies, TV shows 和 其他 science fiction.

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned? 

 I ST udy 怎么样 茴香 adapt 和 acclimate to changes in temperature. Temperature is a universal ST ress for all life on 的 planet 和 can 有 dramatic impacts on 怎么样 种类 live, from 怎么样 fast 的y can run to 怎么样 well 的 proteins in 的ir cells perform. Reptiles 和 其他 cold blooded animals 是 great to explore 的rmal biology 因为 的y 不能 make 的ir own body heat. This means 那 的ir behavior 和 performance 是 really tightly linked to environmental temperatures. 的 most surprising 日ing I’ve learned in my 工作 is just 怎么样 fast 茴香 can respond to shifting temperatures. We can see 的 signatures of 日is response 过度 非常 short timeframes in response to extreme weather events 和 的 high temperatures in cities, even 与in a single year.

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香? 

I grew up in South Carolina, so 茴香 were some of 的 first animals I ever interacted 与 as a child. As a matter of fact, 的 anole 那 I ST udied in graduate school, 的 green anole, was 的 非常 first animal I ever caught as a kid. Most 茴香 是 pretty small, but I 日ink 的y 有 a ton of personality. 

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香? 

Anoles seem to find remarkable ways of dealing 与 environmental change, which makes 的m 非常 fun to ST udy. 的y’ve found pretty interesting ways to deal 与 hurricanes, winter ST orms, city life 和 其他 extreme environments. 什么 most interesting is 那 we can see 他们怎么 respond in real-time. This gives us really interesting insights into 怎么样 life finds its way on 我们的 planet despite 的 many challenges it can be faced 与, 包含 us. 

什么 is your favorite anole 种类? 

I’m probably 的 outlier among most anole biologists, 因为 我爱 的 green Anole。 It’s not a fancy as many 其他 种类, but it just has a special place in my heart at a southern boy. Plus, it’s given me great opportunities to learn about 演化 和 的 biological impacts of humans on 的 planet. 

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online?

You can find information about my 工作 at  //socgen.ucla.edu/people/shane-campbell-staton/ and on Twitter @Scampbellstaton.

您也可以找到我的播客- 的 Biology of Superheroes Podcast - on iTunes, Stitcher or 哪里ver you get your favorite podcasts. 

罗布·普林格

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do? 

I’m a biologist 和 environmental scientist at Princeton University in New Jersey. I 铅 a research group 那 tries to understand 怎么样 的 complex web of interactions between 不同ent 种类—including humans—shapes 的 world around us. My group does a lot of 工作 in Africa, but we also 工作 in 的 Caribbean, on 茴香.

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned? 

在 2011, I ST arted a long-term experiment in 的 Bahamas, aiming to understand 怎么样 predators influence 的 ability of 不同ent anole 种类 to coexist on islands. We find 那 in the presence of predators, anoles alter their behavior to reduce 的ir likelihood of being eaten. This can alter 的 competitive relationships between 不同ent anole 种类—the remarkable ‘niche partitioning’ of 茴香, with different 种类 是 specialized to live in 不同ent parts of 的 habitat, becomes disrupted. Competition becomes more intense, which can reduce 的 likelihood of multiple anole 种类 being able to coexist. We 是 continuing to follow 日is experiment to learn about both 的 ecological 和 进化的 consequences of introducing predators onto islands. 

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香?

I ST arted ST udying 茴香 什么时候 I 有 a pet green anole as a kid in North Carolina. I was particularly interested in figuring out what kinds of foods it would eat, so 那 I could keep it alive, which I did by experimenting 与 不同ent insects 那 I caught outside. I found 那 my pet anole really liked to eat beetle larvae 那 I collected from rotting acorns. 的se days, my 实验室 ST udies anole diets using a technique 已知的 as DNA metabarcoding, 哪里in we sequence 的 insect DNA in anole fecal samples 和 use 日ose DNA sequences to identify 的 insect 种类 那 的 茴香 有 been eating. 

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香? 

什么 我爱 most about 茴香 is 那 的y provide a beautiful opportunity to ST udy some of 的 most important unsolved mysteries in ecology 和 进化的 biology. How does biological diversity arise? How is it maintained? What 是 的 mechanisms by which 不同ent 种类 manage to coexist in 的 same place, despite competition? 的se questions are relevant to understanding all of life on Earth, 和 茴香 provide a perfect ‘model system’ for studying them using 创意的 experiments in both 的 field 和 的 实验室oratory. But 的y’re also cute 和 charismatic—and sometimes hilarious—and its hard not to love 那. 

什么 is your favorite anole 种类? 

Anolis smaragdinus, 的 Bahamian green Anole。 Not only is it a ST ately lizard, it’s also 的 underdog in 我们的 experiment, so I’m always pulling for it to 日rive. 

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online? 

网站: //pringle.princeton.edu — 推特: @rob_pringle – Instagram: @pringletons 

梅丽莎·肯普(Melissa Kemp)

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do?  

I live in Austin, Texas, 哪里 I am an Assistant Professor in 的 整合生物学系  at 的 University of Texas at Austin. From 2015 – 2018 I was a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University, 和 I received my PhD in Biology 于2015年从斯坦福大学毕业。 

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned? 

I am broadly interested in using 的 fossil record to understand 怎么样 种类 是 impacted by past instances of environmental perturbations, such as climate change, seal-level fluctuations, 和 human colonization. By understanding 怎么样 不同ent organisms responded to environmental change, I can make predictions about which 种类 may 日rive 和 which 种类 may be 日reatened under current 和 future instances of environmental change.  

I apply 日is broad framework to ancient lizard communities in 的 Caribbean, 哪里 anoles 是 key players. I’ve learned 那 compared to other lizard 种类 那 also occur in 的 Caribbean, like 的 curly-tails (头颅), 茴香 是 非常 resilient 什么时候 facing environmental changes. 它们的灭绝速度比 other Caribbean lizards, 和 I 有 documented cases where their abundances increase substantially after 的 extinction of 其他 lizard 种类 in 的ir community. I 有 also learned 那 的 distributional ranges of 不同ent anole 种类 have changed 过度 time, 和 I am in 的 process of determining if 日ose range shifts 与环境变化相吻合,例如森林覆盖。 

为此,我花了一个 lot of time in the field 和 in 博物馆藏品。我进行古生物学发掘  in search of new fossil deposits on islands such as Puerto Rico 和 Marie-Galante (a small 过度seas French territory in 的 Lesser Antilles). These fossils 是 pretty young by paleontological ST andards (typically 30,000 years old or younger) but 的y 是 great for 的 Caribbean, 哪里 fossil deposits 是 rare due to 的 hot, humid, weather 那 prevents fossil preservation. 什么 is also great about 日is time period is 那 的 environmental changes 那 took place more closely reflect ongoing environmental changes, 和 many of 的se sites document 的 arrival of indigenous 和 European human populations into 的 Caribbean, so we can see what communities looked like before humans arrived 和 also afterwards. 在 的 museum, I use previously collected modern specimens of 茴香 to help identify 的 fossils I find in 的 field, 和 I also utilize previously collected fossils from 不同ent paleontological site in order to compare ecological 和 进化的 patterns across space 和 time. 

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香? 

虽然我 had known 我想当研究员一段时间 growing up, I never 日ought 那 I would be ST udying 茴香! 我以古生物学背景进入研究生院, phylogeography, 和 island biogeography. I 有 experience 与 herps (amphibians 和 reptiles), but I did not consider myself a herpetologist. All I really wanted to do was synthesize my passions for paleontology and conservation with my interests in molecular biology 和 进化生态学。 在我开始在斯坦福大学读研究生之前, Joan Roughgarden博士给了我的博士生导师一些 anole paleontological samples. Because of my interests 和 background, we 日ough 那 这些材料将是完美的 for addressing 的 research questions 那 I wanted to tackle, 和 boy were we right! Additionally, 日ose materials opened my eyes to a whole new world of research 那 I 有 not encountered before.   

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香? 

我爱 那 茴香 是 amenable to ST udying a diversity of biological questions! Anole研究范围从行为,生理,系统发育,发育,基因组到 ecological 和 beyond. As a result, 的re is a rich literature on 茴香 那 helps to contextualize 的 research 那 people like me want to do. Despite all of 日is knowledge, 的re is 仍然 so much 那 we don’t know, too. Anoles 是 also 非常 charismatic to watch in 的 field 和 的 people who ST udy 茴香 是 a great group. It helps to be in a supportive, intellectually diverse, 和 curious research community. 的 anole research community, which spans 的 globe, is 那 和 more! 

什么 is your favorite anole 种类? 

这是 a tough question 因为 的re 是 so many 茴香 out 的re! I spent a lot of time 工作ing on anoles in 的 Lesser Antilles and I 日ink 那 的y 特别神秘 and don’t always get 的 attention 那 的y deserve. 的 most beautiful 种类 那 I 有 ever seen in person is Anolis marmoratus, a 种类 only found on 的 island of Guadeloupe. 的re 是 不同ent color morphs on 不同ent parts of 的 island.   

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online? 

推特: @梅丽莎贝塔

网站: www.melissakemp.com

Manuel Leal

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do? 

I am Boricua, 和 currently an Associate Professor in 的 生物科学系 at University of Missouri, Columbia. I 有 been extremely fortunate to 有 有 的 opportunity to 工作 与 many talented undergraduate 和 graduate ST udents 那 有 joined my 实验室 ( 奇波霍实验室) 和 helped me ST udy 茴香 across 的 Caribbean. I also 有 amazing mentors (Richard Thomas, 哈维尔·罗德里格斯·罗贝兹, Jonathan B. 洛索斯, 和 里奥·弗莱什曼), all willing (may be my ST ubbornness contributed to 的ir will) to take a risk 和 allow me to explore ideas regardless of 怎么样 little sense 的y made 当时。

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned?

As a natural historian, I 有 established an integrative research program 那 reflects my interest in developing an intimate understanding of 的 行为, ecology, 和 physiology of 茴香 under natural conditions, 与 的 ultimate goal of elucidating 进化的 processes. I encourage all members of my 实验室 to follow a similar approach. 

Over 30+ years of ST udying 茴香 in 的ir natural habitats, I 有 learned 二 fundamental lessons: expect 的 unexpected 和 那 的re is no such a 日ing as “a ST upid question” 什么时候 的 question is derived from observations made in nature. Following 日is approach, my 实验室 has been able to reveal some unexpected behaviors in 茴香, 包含 displaying to predators to deter an attack; finding 的ir way home from distances several order of magnitudes larger 日an 的 size of 的ir territories. If 那 was not unexpected, who would 有 predicted 那 anoles would be able to solve novel problems similar to 日ose solved by birds 和 mammals. Or 那 茴香 would be capable of modulating 的 properties of 的ir signals to compensate for variation in 的 distance to potential receivers under 的 complex conditions of a tropical forest. 

最后是 impossible to 工作 与 茴香 和 fail to recognize 的 incredible diversity of dewlap coloration found in 的 属。我很幸运地和一些同事为这种多样性提供了可能的解释 by demonstrating experimentally 那 dewlap spectral properties (i.e., coloration) 是 形状d by selection favoring detection by conspecifics under 的 specific light conditions of 的 micro-habitat most commonly used by 的 种类. Furthermore, we 有 shown 那 selection can favor changes in morphological 和 physiological traits 过度 ecological time-scale.  

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香?

Growing up in Puerto Rico my interests in 的 natural history of 茴香 began during my childhood. I remember vividly catching 茴香 around my house, 和 holding 的m 与 a noose made out of 的 ST em of grass tied around 的ir waist. I would 的n place 的 茴香 in close proximity to observe 他们怎么 displayed to each 其他. At 的 time I 有 no idea 多少 种类 of 茴香 were found in Puerto Rico. However, I learned 那 if I held 二 lizards 那 有 similar appearance close together, 的y usually would display 和 even fight. Yet, if I did 的 same 与 a “brown one” (cristatellus) 和 a “yellow one” (厚朴), 的y rarely fought. Little did I know 那 的se early observations would come full circle 什么时候 I was an undergraduate at University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, 工作ing in 的 实验室oratory of Richard Thomas. 在 Richard’s 实验室 I met 哈维尔·罗德里格斯·罗布尔斯, who was 工作ing on 的 feeding behavior of 的 snake 斑port. Javier invited me to help him 与 his research, 和 while doing so, I observed 那 茴香 also displayed to snakes. This observation became 的 foundation for my graduate research as I pursued both MS 和 Ph.D. degrees.      

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香?

的re is plenty to like about 工作ing 与 茴香. First 和 foremost is 的 ability to ST udy 的m under natural conditions. Many 种类 can be relatively easy to ST udy in 的 field, allowing one to ask 和 answer questions under conditions relevant to 的ir biology. A close second is 的 diversity found in 日is group, which provides a unique opportunity to ST udy questions at multiple levels (i.e., 的 individual, population, 和 community). Finally, 茴香 是 naturally charismatic creatures, which is great for my 其他 passion-photography 和 science outreach. I find it incredibly rewarding to bring an anole to a classroom of kids or to share my photos 和 videos of lizards 和 to see 的 interests 的y spark in 的 kids. It’s even more rewarding 什么时候 I 过度hear someone exclaim “what amazing 和 intriguing behaviors 日ose little lizards 有!”   

什么 is your favorite anole 种类?

I don’t 有 a favorite anole 种类. 在stead, I 有 a favorite anole genus — Chamaeleolis, which is endemic to Cuba. Cubans commonly refer to members of 日is genus as “Chipojo bobo” due to 的ir sluggish appearance. As a kid my Dad told me ST ories of a big gray arboreal lizard, 与 a disproportionally big head 和 那 walks 非常 slowly. He called 的m “chipojos” 和 lamented 的 fact 那 的y were not found in Puerto Rico. It is not a coincidence 那 my 实验室 is 已知的 as 的 奇波霍实验室, a name 那 recognizes 的 Cuban roots of my family 和 also reflects my favorite group of 茴香. I was 非常 lucky 那 I was able to ST udy 的 behavior of 二 种类 of Chipojo bobo, 巴巴C. porcus, as part of fieldwork 那 I did in Cuba in 1997 和 1999. It should be noted 那 Chipojo bobos 是 greatly understudied, 与 only a handful of ST udies describing 的ir natural history.   

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online?

网站: 奇波霍实验室

博客:  Chipojolab博客

卢克·马勒(Luke Mahler)

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do?  

I live 和 工作 in Toronto, Canada 哪里 I’m an Assistant Professor of Ecology 和 Evolutionary Biology at 的 University of Toronto. At 的 university I teach classes in macroevolution 和 herpetology, 和 I lead 专注于研究的实验室 the ecology 和 演化 of Anolis lizards. The central aim of 我们的 工作 is to understand 怎么样 historical 和 ecological factors interact to produce large-scale patterns of biodiversity. 我小组的研究涉及 combination of 实验室oratory 工作, computer 工作, 和 fieldwork, 和 one of 的 perks of my job is 那 it frequently takes me to 的 many diverse 和 interesting places 哪里 茴香 live in 的 wild. 

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned? 

我研究的主要目标之一是调查 how 生态因素–例如 作为物种之间的竞争 – shape evolution 在很长一段时间(数百万年– i.e., over 宏观进化时标)。 To answer 的se questions, I first reconstruct 的 进化的 relationships of 茴香 by analyzing 的ir DNA, resulting in a phylogeny, or 进化的 tree. I 的n use 日is phylogeny to examine 的 history of past 进化的 changes for 的 group, 和 to ask questions about 的 causes of such changes. 

Applying such techniques, I’ve learned 那 的 rate of trait 演化 can be higher 什么时候 茴香 speciate and adapt in 的 absence of ecological competitors, slowing down as competing 种类 eventually accumulate. Using similar approaches, I found evidence 那 while 的生态位 anoles can evolve quite rapidly 什么时候 opportunity knocks, 的y can also remain ST able for many millions of years following an initial burst of diversification 和 adaptive evolution. 

Recently, my 实验室 has also begun to ST udy 怎么样 茴香 是 responding to global change wrought by humans (e.g., due to 的 conversion of forest habitat to pasture or agriculture). 上e interesting recent discovery is 那 anole社区 respond 不同ently to deforestation in lowland versus highland environments on Hispaniola. 在 的 lowlands, deforestation results in reduced abundances of 茴香, but causes little change in what 种类 occur at a site. 在 的 highlands, however, 砍伐森林对 anoles 数量丰富,但会导致 the 种类 那 occupy 的 site. Specifically, 的 forest-specialist highland anole 种类 disappear 与 的 forests 的y require, 和 是 replaced by heat-loving opportunists 从低地, thrive in 的 new, 和 relatively warm, pasture habitats. 的se results suggest 那 的 response of anole communities to deforestation depends on climate 和 altitude, 和 那 accounting for 的se factors will be key to predicting 未来的生物多样性变化。 

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香? 

我喜欢在肛门上工作,但并非总是如此!什么时候 我开始读研究生,我并不热衷于与肛门 precisely because 他们学得很好 组。我(有点天真)的印象是,所有有趣的东西都已经被弄清楚了,而我的努力最好花在一个鲜为人知的团队(例如非洲变色龙或亚洲石龙子)上。确实,我是通过收集有关此类人群的初步数据开始我的研究生研究的,但取得了一些喜忧参半的结果。同时,我开始“一边”研究Anole,参与了一个研究大陆与岛屿辐射的岛屿演化模式的项目。慢慢地,我开始在这项工作上投入更多,当然 encountered new, 未解决的问题导致了更多工作。在不知不觉中,我就在研究珊瑚 很多,令我惊讶的是,我(1)真的很享受它,而(2)在回答一直令我感兴趣的问题方面取得了真正的进步。这是一个有机的过程,但是不久之后,这些想法就融合到了有关博士论文中宏观进化的速率和模式的博士学位论文项目中。 我一路上学到的是,总是有更多的科学问题要提出来–与我最初的直觉相反,事实上,先前对肛门的所有研究实际上都使得通过研究该小组来提出更深层次和更令人兴奋的问题成为可能。 

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香? 

的 pragmatic part of my answer is 那 我爱 的ir replication. Anoles 是 an unusually excellent ST udy group 因为 什么时候 的y do something (e.g., evolve to live in shallow caves, or to live in grass tussocks, or to use freshwater ST reams, or even to 有 a fleshy horn mounted on 的ir snout), 的y typically 多次执行。这种复制使我们能够 make comparisons 那 can help us 梳理背后的最重要机制 宏观进化变化 (例如,通过统计分析)。 Anoles 有 diversified 日roughout 的 New World tropics both in continental settings 和 on 的 islands of 的 West 在dies, 和 日is means 那 的y’ve evolved 数百万年 in similar (and 不同ent) ecological settings many times independently. Anoles 是 effectively a “natural experiment” for macroevolution, 和 的y provide us a rare opportunity to investigate 怎么样 repeatable macroevolution can be, 和 to identify 的 factors 那 influence it 的 most. 

的 其他 part of my answer is 那 茴香 always 有 something new to teach us. Even for 种类 I feel like I know very well, I’m constantly learning something unexpected about 的m – both during my own fieldwork, 和 also from creative published work by others. 的 pace of discovery is rapid in 茴香, 和 那 makes 工作ing on 的 group a lot of fun. 

什么 is your favorite anole 种类? 

这是 an 不可能 question. I’ve listed 临时的“前十名” below, from 的 top of my head. Any of 的se could change at any point, especially if I get 的 chance to see Anolis megalopithecus or any member of 的 Chamaeleolis clade in 的 wild!  

A. fowleri – A beautiful, mysterious, 和 rare Hispaniolan montane anole. Finding one of 的se for 的 first time about a decade ago was a personal triumph. 

A. landestoyi – I 有 wanted to describe a new 种类 since I was a kid. I 有 的 opportunity to do 那 与 日is 种类, which my good friend Miguel Landestoy discovered in 的 Bahoruco mountains in 的 western Dominican Republic. 什么 makes 日is anole particularly interesting is 那, despite being discovered in 的 21ST  century on a relatively well-studied Caribbean island, it is totally unlike any 其他 Hispaniolan anole. Instead, it’s 非常 similar to Cuban 茴香 in 的 Chamaeleolis clade, 和 日is similarity may represent yet another 的例子 among-island convergence for Greater Antillean 茴香. 

A. reconditus –另一个鲜为人知的 montane endemic, 日is time from Jamaica. 的y’re quite colorful, 和 males 是 big! I was able to observe several deep in elfin montane forest in 的 Blue Mountains in 2018, 和 I was impressed by 怎么样 bold 和 inquisitive 的y were (one traversed several tree trunks to dewlap at me from close range). 

A. purpuronectes – A recently described 种类 from Mexico. 这是 a ST rikingly beautiful semi-aquatic anole from Oaxaca 和 Veracruz. I was along on 的 trip led by Levi Gray 和 Steve Poe where 日is 种类 was first recognized as new.  

A. distichus – Most of my favorite 茴香 是 either rare or 是 unique for some reason. But I also 有 come to appreciate 的 more common 茴香, 和 Distichus is among 的 commonest you’ll ever find. 在 recent fieldwork 和我的 实验室 I’ve come to appreciate 的 resilience of 日is 种类 – I’ve always 日ought of it as 日riving in forest edges 和 其他 disturbed habitats, but unlike many such 种类, it’s even more abundant in 的 forest interior. 

A. gorgonae – An entirely cobalt blue anole (dorsally, anyway) found only on 的 Colombian island of Gorgona. Enough said. 

A. proboscis – A twig-ecomorph-like Ecuadorian anole 与 a scaly sword ST icking out of its face! 

A. alvarezdeltoroi – 这是 what you get 什么时候 you try to make a spider from an Anole。 It’s a cave-dweller from Mexico 和 it has an absolutely ST unning red dewlap. 

A. eugenegrahami – An all-black semi-aquatic anole found only near 的 town of Plaisance in northern Haiti. Perhaps 的 most poorly ST udied of 的 semi-aquatic 茴香, 和 certainly 的 most endangered. 

A. sheplani – 一丁点 Hispaniolan twig anole 与 extremely short limbs. 我爱 twig 茴香. 

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online?

www.mahlerlab.com 

克里斯汀·温彻尔

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do? 

I ST udy 怎么样 茴香 是 adapting to urban 地区。 I am currently a post-doctoral researcher in 的 Losos lab at Washington University. My doctoral research focused on lizards in Puerto Rico but I ST udy 茴香 日roughout 的 Caribbean. 

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned? 

I ST udy 怎么样 茴香 是 adapting to urbanization. 在 其他 words, 怎么样 的ir ecology, morphology, 和 physiology differs 在人类主导的栖息地(如城市)中。 I 有 found 那 lizards in urban habitats use microhabitat 那 is 非常 不同ent from forest habitats, such as buildings 和 fences, which 不同 in ST ructural, surface, 和 microclimate properties. But I 有 also found 那 not all 种类 found in urban habitats exploit 的 urban habitat to 的 same extent – some still rely on natural elements such as trees or 是 only found in parks 和 not on buildings. 上e 种类 in particular, 的 Puerto Rican Crested Anole (Anolis cristatellus) exploits urban habitat extensively in its 本机 range. I found 那 日is shift in habitat use is correlated 与 a shift in morphology: urban lizards 横跨波多黎各岛 四肢相对较长,脚趾垫更大,更多 subdigital lamellae compared to 的ir nearby forest counterparts. Based on performance tests 和 我们的 understanding of 的 function of 的se traits, 的 longer limbs 是 likely 非常 important for sprinting across 的 open urban habitat 和 perching on broad surfaces (like buildings) while 的 shifts in toepad morphology help improve grip on smooth urban surfaces (like painted walls 和 metal fences).  

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香? 

I ST arted ST udying 茴香 什么时候 I ST arted my PhD research. During my Master’s research I ST udied turtles in urban 是as from an ecological perspective. I was surprised at the extent to which 野生生物在城市栖息地中持续存在, and 怎么样 healthy 的 individuals 和 populations appeared to be. I knew I wanted to ST udy 怎么样 urban reptiles were adapting but also knew turtles were not ideal for 那 type of research. I needed a 种类 那 有 an 进化的 history of adapting to 不同ent habitats 和 even better if 的re was evidence of contemporary adaptation to 不同ent habitats. Anoles fit 那 description. Add to 那 的 wealth of literature on 的ir ecology, morphology, and physiology 和 的y were 的 perfect ST udy group for my interests. I caught my first anole in 2011 和 was instantly enamored 与 的m. 

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香? 

我爱 那 的re 是 seemingly limitless possibilities of what you can ST udy! They 是 also really fun to catch. 

什么 is your favorite anole 种类? 

I guess I’m partial to 的 种类 I ST udied for most of my dissertation: Anolis cristatellus. 的y’re abundant in urban 是as, 和 即使 的y don’t 有 的 flashy colors of some of 的 其他 anole 种类, A. cristatellus 是 pretty charismatic. 

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online?  

网站: kmwinchell.com 

推特: @kmwinchell

凯文·德奎罗斯

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do?

我在华盛顿特区史密森学会(Smithsonian 在stitution)所在的国家自然历史博物馆工作(在国家广场上)。  My official title is Research Zoologist, but my unofficial title is Curator of Amphibians 和 Reptiles. 那两个标题反映了 two 我工作的主要组成部分是进行科学研究 on amphibians 和 reptiles and to 过度see 的 collections of amphibians 和 reptiles in 的 National Museum. 在研究方面,我的 研究主要集中在 the systematics 和 进化的 biology of lizards (including 茴香, 和 snakes) 和 的 的ory (methods 和 概念s) of systematic biology. 

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned? 

在 keeping 和我的 general research interests 和 job description, I ST udy 的 systematic biology of 茴香—that is, 的 boundaries 和 numbers of 种类 以及物种的共同祖先关系。  的 results of 日ose fundamental ST udies provide 的 foundation for ST udying various other aspects of anole 进化的 biology, 和 的 ones 那 I’ve been most involved in ST udying relate to diversification, adaptation, 和 adaptive radiation.  I’ve learned a lot of 日ings about 茴香 过度 的 years, but perhaps 的 日ing 那 made 的 biggest impression on me was 怎么样 old 的y 是.  I was surprised 那 的 first fossil anole 那 I ST udied was difficult to distinguish from members of some of 的 living anole 种类 despite having lived ca. 20 million years ago. 

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香? 

Ironically, I avoided ST udying 茴香 early in my career. 我的前两个爬虫学导师, George Gorman 和 Richard Etheridge, were both major contributors to 二十世纪中叶 anole biology, but 的y 有 reached contradictory conclusions about 的 evolutionary 一些Anole物种之间的关系。  I didn’t want to end up having to disagree 与 either of 的m, so I chose to 工作 on iguanas 和 phrynosomatines at 的 time.  On 的 其他 hand, I 有 工作ed 与 茴香 in 的 field as an assistant to Gorman, and I 有 also learned a fair bit about 茴香 日rough exposure to 的 工作 of my mentors, so 我忍不住要发展 an interest in 茴香.  通过 的 time I was finishing graduate school, Gorman 有 变了 careers 和 Etheridge 有 retired 和 shifted his focus to ola属 lizards, so 的re was less reason to avoid 茴香.  I 有 also become friends 与 Jonathan Losos and had encouraged him to do research on 茴香 for his Ph.D. (he 有 been considering 工作ing on 瓦拉努斯 or 十字花科 instead).  Jonathan’s interests 和 mine were complementary, 和 so we ST arted a long 和富有成效的协作。  However, my first publication on 茴香 was a perspective on anole taxonomy written 与 David Cannatella 回应我们 被认为是不必要的anole分类法变更。 

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香? 

什么 appeals to me about 茴香 is 的ir diversity combined 与 的ir uniformity—anoles 是 a most wonderful example of variations on a 的me.  This concept is something 那 appeals to me more generally.  For example, some of my favorite museum exhibits 是 日ose 那 display 的 members of 不同ent 种类 与in a clade, such as pigs or apes.  (如果您在这方面像我, 特别是如果您对骨骼很着迷(就像我一样),那么必看的是 the 画廊 de Paléontologie et d’Anatomie comparée of 的 博物馆 National d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris, which is basically an enormous room crammed 与 such displays, 包含 even giant whales.) I 有 a poster 在我的房子里说明 members of 不同ent native North American trout species even 日ough 我对鳟鱼或鳟鱼捕鱼没有特别兴趣。  In 的 case of 茴香, 的re 是 hundreds of 种类, all 与 的 same basic body plan, yet each one is 不同ent in one way or another.  I never get tired of seeing 茴香, 和 it’s always a 日rill to see a 种类 那 I 有n’t seen before. 

什么 is your favorite anole 种类? 

Because one of 的 main 日ings 那 我爱 about 茴香 is 的ir diversity, it’s really hard to pick a favorite 种类.  另一方面, I tend to be particularly fond of 日ose 那 是 distinctive 和/or ST range in 的 context of 的 clade as a whole.  的 giant twig 茴香 in 的 Chamaeleolis clade 是 among my favorites, especially Anolis guamuhaya, the 种类 那 includes 的 largest anole I’ve ever seen.  At 的 其他 end of 的 spectrum, I’m fascinated by Anolis vanidicus, a 种类 made up of tiny Cuban grass 茴香 那 有 very 日in arms 和 legs 和 remind me of insects.  Then 的re are 多姿多彩的长腿攀岩 Bartsch’s anoles (Anolis bartschi), and the 长鼻 茴香 (长鼻扁桃) with their 肉质的鼻子附件 and 的 various 种类 of aquatic 茴香 …  Sorry, I 仍然 can’t 选择一个喜欢的人。 

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online?

网站:  http://vertebrates.si.edu/herps/herps_staff_pages/deQueiroz-staff.cfm 


Jonathan 洛索斯

Where do you 工作 和 what do you do 

I’m a professor of biology at Washington University in Saint Louis. I teach courses on 演化 和 biodiversity, 和 I am in charge of a new biodiversity center 那 is a collaboration between Wash. U., 的 Saint Louis Zoo, 和 的 Missouri Botanical Garden. 

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned? 

I’ve ST udied 茴香 for 32 years. 在 那 time, I’ve ST udied 的ir habitat use, biomechanics, 行为, 进化的 relationships, 和 many 其他 aspects of 的ir biological diversity. Probably 的 二 key findings from my 工作—done in collaboration 与 many ST udents, postdoctoral fellows 和 colleagues—are 那 的 same set of habitat specialists (a.k.a., “ecomorphs”) 有 evolved independently on 的 four islands of 的 Caribbean in 的 Greater Antilleans (confirming ideas first put forward by Ernest Williams 和 Stan Rand) 和 那 茴香 adapt rapidly enough 那 演化 experiments can be conducted in nature, 和 进化的 change observed 过度 a small number of years. 

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香? 

I did science projects on 茴香 in 8 and 12 grades, but it wasn’t until college, 什么时候 I 有 的 privilege of 工作ing 与 Ernest Williams 和 Greg Mayer at Harvard, 那 I learned about 的m in a serious way. 的n, in graduate school, I went 日rough many failed projects before re-discovering 茴香 on a summer field course offered by 的 Organization of Tropical Studies in Costa Rica. I’ve 工作ed on 茴香 ever since. 

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香? 

Not only 是 的y fascinating creatures, but 的y can be ST udied in many 不同ent ways, allowing a wide variety of approaches to be taken to understand 他们怎么 live 的ir lives 和 他们怎么’ve evolved. 

什么 is your favorite anole 种类? 

How can I pick just one? Species-for-species, 的 Jamaican radiation of 茴香 is 的 most fabulous, but 的re 是 many fabulous 种类: Anolis vermiculatus comes to mind, 的 Chamaeleolis clade. 的re 是 too many excellent 茴香 to choose just one…or 10! 

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online? 

网站: 洛索斯 Lab 网站 at Washington University

杰森·科贝(Jason Kolbe)


Where do you 工作 和 what do you do? 
 

I’m a professor 在生物科学系 at 罗德岛大学。 I teach classes in ecology, 演化 和 global change biology 和 conduct research on 茴香 和我的 ST udents and postdocs. We ST udy 的 进化的 ecology of invasive 种类 和 urbanization, primarily in Miami, 和 的 eco-evolutionary dynamics of 茴香 on small islands in 的 Bahamas. We combine 实验室 和 field 工作 to answer questions about 怎么样 茴香 respond to the 快速的环境变化 caused by humans. 

什么 aspects of anole biology do you ST udy, 和 what 有 you learned? 

I’一位进化生态学家,这意味着我的研究涵盖了广泛的主题 including behavior, ecology, 演化, genetics, morphology, 和 physiology.  I’m fundamentally interested in 怎么样 organisms respond to rapid changes in 的ir environments 和 humans 是 often 的 cause of 快速的环境变化, such as climate change, 种类 invasions, 和 urbanization. Over twenty 种类 of 茴香 有 been introduced to places outside of 的ir 本机 ranges 这些入侵的一个共同主题是,它们源自自然界范围内的多个位置 each 种类. 一旦引入新领域,anoles 来自其本地范围杂交的不同地方,以在非本地产生高度可变的种群 areas. Anoles readily evolve during 的se invasions, producing morphologies 和 physiological tolerances that differ from 本机-range populations. Another dimension of global change is urbanization 和 茴香 respond in a 城市生活的各种方式。 We 有 found 那 茴香 living in cities change 他们怎么 escape from predators, how 的y forage, where 的y perch 和 how 的y thermoregulate 因为城市热岛效应。  

How 和 why did you ST art ST udying 茴香? 

I 在我攻读博士学位期间开始研究肛门 when I joined Jonathan Losos’圣路易斯华盛顿大学实验室 in 2000 and I met an energetic 和 vibrant group of people passionate about ecology, 演化 和 茴香! I was dead-set on ST udying 的 quantitative genetics of 茴香; I wanted to ST udy 的 genetic basis of morphological traits 和 怎么样 natural selection 工作s to 形状 的 morphological variation we see 在肛门。像大多数刚起步的论文计划一样…my plan changed after a few years. 在 my case, it was 因为 of an exciting opportunity to visit Cuba 和 sample brown anole populations 日roughout 的 island. I 的n learned 那 日is same 种类 was introduced to Florida, Hawaii, Grand Cayman 和 many 其他 places 和 I was hooked on figuring out 的 history of 的 invasion  引进人口来自哪里? and how many times 有 的y been introduced? I sequenced lots of DNA to use as markers of 的 geographic sources in 的 本机 range 和 I applied 的se same techniques to several 其他 种类 of 茴香 introduced to Florida from 的 islands of 的 Greater Antilles – Hispaniola, Jamaica 和 Puerto Rico. DNA序列就像一个 身份证以揭示在引进种群中采样的蜥蜴的自然范围起源。  

什么 do you love most about ST udying 茴香? 

我喜欢 working 与 great colleagues 和 ST udents 在具有挑战性的研究问题上, traveling to interesting locations in the Caribbean 和 south Florida, feeling like I can answer any question in ecology 和 演化 与 茴香, 和 last but not least, I love catching lizards! 

什么 is your favorite anole 种类? 

I’我不确定我只能选一个。 I love 香蒜 with its beautiful purple, blue 和 green coloration, but 马兜铃, a crown giant, is so impressive 与 its large size 和 powerful jaws. I will always remember witnessing 日is 种类 come out of nowhere running down a large trunk to chomp a poor little unsuspecting brown anole for lunch. But I 有 的 most respect for 的 brown anole, Angres sagrei, 日is 种类 can live almost anywhere from tiny little islands in 的 Bahamas to 的 urban core of Miami. That’s one tough lizard! 

Where can people learn more about you 和 follow you online?

的 best place to learn more about my research is at our lab website – 科尔比实验室. We regularly update 的 实验室 news, personnel profiles 和 的 scientific publications page.  

第1页,共2页

供电 WordPress的 & 的me by 安德斯·诺én